The definition of the collective interests of consumers present in European positive law is negative and limited to the statement that the collective interests of consumers mean interests which do not include the cumulation of the interests of individuals who have been harmed by an infringement. This notion has been criticized in legal doctrine. In April 2018, the European Commission presented a proposal for a new definition of the collective interests of consumers as part of ‘The New Deal for Consumers’. It is no longer negative but can cause similar problems as the currently binding one due to its lack of clarity. This feature will probably leave European consumers in a disadvantageous position.